Consumerism in its many guises is a major theme of the 1950s. At the beginning of the century, most people worked to survive and sometimes prosper; in the 1950s many people work to buy the "American dream."
In 1950, the first charge card is introduced by Diners' Club; a prototype of the credit card, it had to be paid off in full monthly.
In 1954, TV dinners are introduced in the United States.
In 1954, there are fifteen computers in the United States.
In 1955, Rosa Parks rides in the front seat of the bus in Montgomery, Alabama, propelling the demand for civil rights reform in America.
In 1957, John McCarthy founds the Artificial Intelligence Department at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
This material was generously provided by the Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum.
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