Textiles  of the North American Southwest
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Mexican Rebozo
ca. 1891

Catalog Information

Following the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, rebozos were mass-produced on treadle looms in workshops across Mexico, most notably in San Luis Potosí. Many were embroidered. Women also wove their own rebozos on backstrap looms. Elegant embroidered rebozos, typically of silk, were imported from Asia.

Treadle Loom Backstrap Loom

Left: Weaving on a treadle loom. Demonstration by Helen Manzanares of Chama, New Mexico. Photographer: María Sprehn Malagón. Smithsonian Folklife Festival 2000, Washington, D.C.

Right: Woman wearing a rebozo and weaving on a backstrap loom.  Rebozos y sarapes de México, Virginia Armella de Aspe and Teresa Castello Yturbide, p. 54. Mexico City, GUTSA, 1989. Photo courtesy of the GUTSA Corporation. Original "Tejedora del Ajusco." Edouard Pingret, 19th century, Banamex Collection

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