"Gypsies" in the United States
The Ludar, or "Romanian Gypsies," also immigrated
to the United States during the great immigration from southern and eastern
Europe between 1880 and 1914. Most of the Ludar came from northwestern Bosnia.
Upon their arrival in the United States they specialized as animal trainers
and showpeople, and indeed passenger manifests show bears and monkeys as
a major part of their baggage. Most of de Wendler-Funaro's photographs of
this group were taken in Maspeth, a section of the borough of Queens in
New York City, where the Ludar created a "village" of homemade
shacks that existed from about 1925 to 1939, when it was razed. A similar
settlement stood in the Chicago suburbs during the same period.
Maspeth, New York, c.1940